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4TH COMMANDMENT EXODUS 20:8-11 “REMEMBER THE SABBATH” PART A

June 22, 2010

EXODUS 20:8-11

REMEMBER THE SABBATH

INTRO:

ROLE OF REDEMPTIVE HISTORY OR BIBLICAL THEOLOGY: 1) WHAT IT IS  2) HOW IT’S DIFFERENT FROM SYSTEMATIC THEO  3) IT GUARDS AGAINST EISIGESIS ‘READING INTO THE TEXT’   4) IT HELPS YOU OVERCOME ‘TREE BLINDNESS’ THAT PREVENTS YOU FROM SEEING THE FORREST  5) IT SHOWS THAT THE BIBLE IS ONE BOOK BY ONE AUTHOR WITH ONE PLAN..NOT DISPENSATIONAL, NOT TWO PLANS, ONE PLAN, ONE PEOPLE OF GOD..ONE LORD, ONE FAITH, ONE BAPTISM! OR AS WE’LL SEE TODAY..ONE SABBATH!

1)    CREATION – CF. VS. 11 RECALLS CREATION –

  1. GOD WAS NOT TIRED
  2. TIME OF REFLECTION, JOYOUS REST IN FINISHED PRODUCT
  3. NO LABOR, LABOR IS GOOD WE’LL SEE, BUT TIME ALSO TO STOP LABOR AND ENJOY GOD FOR WHO HE IS AND WHAT HE HAS DONE!
  4. SABBATH WAS SIGN OF CREATION…NOTE: NOT MILLIONS OF YEARS OR ELSE OR WEEKLY PATTERN MAKES NO SENSE
  5. THEN FALL OF MAN
  6. The institution of the Sabbath provided one day of the week without the effects of the curse on Adam.  This also provided a way for the Israelites to look forward to a time of complete redemption, when no curse would be found.  SABBATH POINTS TO AN ALLEVIATION IN THE CURSE OF MAN’S SIN…GOD RESTED AND WOULD ONE DAY AGAIN REST FROM HIS WORK FROM THE CROSS!! CF. HEBREWS 4
  7. “Cursed is the ground because of you; In toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life.  Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field;  By the sweat of your face You shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, because from it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return” (Genesis 3:17b-20). NEED REST FROM THE VANITY!
  8. NOAH – MEANS REST – FLOOD REVERSAL OF CREATION ACCOUNT…NO REST FOR MAN’S SINS…UNTIL NOAH’S ARK COMES TO REST ON TOP OF MTN…NEW HUMANITY EMERGES..CHRIST OUR ARK RESTED UP ON CALVARY’S MTN, AND NOW WE CAN BE THE NEW HUMANITY IN HIM…

2)    LIFE OF ISRAEL

  1. God applied this commandment to Israel, under the Old Covenant by establishing holy days and festivals to help the nation remember Him and focus on Him as their Creator and Provider, and to give them glimpses of Christ and what He would do when He came to serve as our Great Prophet, Priest and King. The Sabbath Day and week, established at creation, serve as a framework in which God places His feasts that He will use in the Old Covenant to prepare for and point toward the coming of Christ. The Sabbath Day, like the feasts and the festivals, is all about Christ.
  2. ONE IN 7 DAYS – REFLECT ON CREATION AND REDEMPTION, WHICH BY THE WAY WILL BE UNITED IN CHRIST BEC SALVATION IS RECREATION …2 COR. 5:17

                                                              i.      Whereas the motivation to keep the fourth commandment in Exodus 20:8-11 was God’s pattern in the creation of the world, the motivation to keep the same commandment in Deuteronomy 5:12-15 was God’s pattern in the redemption of Israel from Egypt:

                                                            ii.      Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. . . And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day.

  1. FEAST OF PENTECOST – 50 DAYS AFTER PASSOVER! 7 7’S PLUS ONE DAY! IDEA OF COMPLETION AND START OF NEW OR BRINGING IN OF FULLNESS!
  2. SABBATH YEAR OF REST – EVERY 7 YEARS
  3. YEAR OF JUBILEE – 7 7’S OF YEARS… On the day of atonement in the fiftieth year, liberty would be proclaimed throughout the land and all debts were to be canceled.  Israelite servants would be freed and their property would be returned to those whom God had given it. RESTORATION!
  4. PARALLEL BETWEEN ISRAEL DELIVERED YET WANDERING IN WILDERNESS LOOKING/WAITING ON THE FINAL REST, AND THE CHURCH WHO IS SAVED, AND YET WAITING FOR THE FINAL FULFILLMENT OF SABBATH REST WHILE WE ENDURE THE TRIALS OF ‘WILDERNESS’ HERE!

3)    JOSHUA –

  1. FURTHER CANAAN IS ALSO PRESENTED AS ANOTHER EDEN, FLOWING RIVERS, FRUITFULNESS,ETC. AND ALSO AS A PLACE OF REST…WE LOOK TO THE NEW HEAVENS AND EARTH, THE NEW EDEN THE NEW PLACE OF REST…IT IS ONE STORY!!!
  2. Joshua 23:1 states that through the conquest of Joshua, “the Lord had given rest to Israel from all their enemies on every side.”  Thus Joshua established rest for the land of Israel by defeating their enemies.  Yet the book of Judges shows that the conquest under Joshua was not complete.  Waiting for another one to come along and finish the job

4)    DAVID

  1. NOTE: NO REST COMES UNTIL KING ARRIVES OVER ISRAEL!
  2. NOTE: PSALM 95: DAVID LOOKS FORWARD AFTER LOOKING BACKWARD TO WILDERNESS, EVEN THOUGH ALL ENEMIES DEFEATED, TO ANOTHER REST TO COME!
  3. JESUS – BECAUSE OUR KING SUCCESSFULLY OBEYED FOR US AND IS NOW CONGQUERING ALL ENEMIES UNDER HIS FEET, WE WILLONE DAY HAVE FINAL REST FROM OUR ENEMIES..AND IT GIVES US CONFIDENCE TO COME TO OUR GREAT WARRIOR KING TO GIVE US REST FROM OUR ENEMIES RIGHT NOW…ARE YOU SEEKING SABBATH IN HIM RIGHT NOW? RECALL THE ALREADY/NOT YET DIMENSIONS OF BIBLE’S UNDERSTANDING..WE ARE WINNING AND WE WILL WIN BECAUSE OF MESSIAH!!
  4. BUT EVEN W/ DAVID THEY NEVER ENTER THE ULTIMATE REST SO…

5)      EXILE AND RETURN

  1. 2 CHRON. 36:21 “LAND GOT ALL OF ITS SABBATH RESTS’ DURING ISRAEL’S EXILE…THEM NOT OBEYING GOD WAS RELATED TO THEM NOT RESTING IN HIM…THERE IS A CORRESPONDENCE.   CF…
  2.  Ezekiel 20:16 because they rejected My ordinances, and as for My statutes, they did not walk in them; they even profaned My sabbaths, for their heart continually went after their idols.
  3. AMOS 8:4FF ‘GOD JUDGES ISRAEL BEC SHE IS ONLY GOIN THRU THE MOTIONS OF THE SABBATH WANTING TO GET BACK TO HER PURSUITS.’
  4. the seventy years of captivity was at least in part because Israel had disobeyed Sabbath.  The land needed ten Sabbaths to recover from the sins of Israel….COMPLETE DISOBEDIENCE AND FAILURE IN THEIR WORKS BEFORE GOD! THEY NEEDED RESTORATION, THEY NEEDED REDEMPTION!

6)      -PROPHECY STRUCTED ON SABBATH LINES: Daniel, near the end of the seventy years of captivity, was concerned about the fact that Jerusalem had not been restored (Daniel 9:1,2) and prayed to God for forgiveness and restoration (Daniel 9:3-19).  Yet the Israelites had not yet repented of their sins.  Therefore, God’s answer to Daniel’s prayer described “seventy weeks” yet to come, standing for seventy times seven years (Daniel 9:24-27).  This delay of the restoration amounts to a prophesy of the coming of Christ.  Although a remnant did come back to Israel, full restoration did not occur until the coming of Christ.  Thus, the eschatological hope for restoration of Israel was a “structure. . . along Sabbatical lines.”

  1. THE SABBATH WAS ESCHATOLOGICAL…MEANING FORWARD LOOKING, FULFILLMENT LOOKING
  2. Isaiah’s prophesies, looking forward to Israel’s restoration from exile, used this Sabbatical imagery and associated it with the coming of the Messiah (Isaiah 61:1 – 3).  The coming of the Messiah would “bring good news to the afflicted,…  bind up the broken hearted, . . . proclaim liberty to prisoners,” and “proclaim the favorable year of the Lord” (vv. 1-2).

7)    CHRIST

  1. START OF MINISTRY – -CF. JESUS QUOTING ISAIAH 61 IN LUKE 4: ‘FULFILEED IN YOUR HEARING, THE YEAR OF JUBILEE, TO BIND UP THE BROKENHEARTED, SET CAPTIVES FREE’…JUBILEE WAS AN EXTENDED SABBATH…CF. 1 DAY A WEEK, 1 YR FOR EVERY 7 YEARS, AND 1 YR AFTER 49 YEARS, THE 50 THE YEAR, YEAR OF JUBILEE. THE ULTIMATE SABBATH OF SABBATHS WAS NOW HERE!
  2. HIS PASSION

                                                              i.      HE INVERSED IT: BEFORE WORKS TO REST, NOW REST TO WORKS…HE WORKED TILL REST FROM HIS WORK, BUT FOR US HE GIVES US HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS AND REST FIRST AND FROM THERE WE ARE ABLE TO WORK…CF.. EPH 2:8-10

  1. HIS RESURRECTION – WHY DID IT HAVE TO BE SUNDAY, AND SUNDAY MORNING? AFTER PASSOVER, SATURDAY/SABBATH HE RESTED IN THE GRAVE AND SUN MORNING HIS NEW WORK WAS HERE!
  2. HIS RETURN

                                                              i.      THE FINAL CONSUMMATION, THE NEW EDEN, THE FULLNESS OF THE SABBATH

8)    -DAY OF PENTECOST –

  1.  Why am I bringing this into the discussion? Did you ever wonder what day of the week it was on Pentecost? Do you know what day of the week it was? Just happened to be Sunday. It just happened to be Sunday. According to Leviticus 23:16, the Feast of Weeks, Pentecost, was designated to dedicate the firstfruits of the harvest of wheat, that would be May, June. It is called Pentecost, pentemeaning five, because it occurred fifty days after the Sabbath, preceding the Feast of Firstfruits. So you have a Sabbath plus 50 days. Simple calculation.
  2. A Sabbath plus seven Sabbaths, 49, would fall on a Sabbath, right? So 50 would be the first day of the next week. It’s Sunday again. Pentecost happens on a Sunday. God filled that day with the most significant events in the founding of the church, namely the resurrection of Jesus Christ and the arrival of the Spirit of God.
  3. These events are at the very heart of our redemption, these are the realities that replaced the shadows and the forms of the Sabbath, they happen on a Sunday and the Lord then has picked out His own day. The Mosaic Law for the seventh day is passed away; PASSED AWAY IN SENSE THAT IT HAS REACHED IT’S GOAL…7 7’S PLUS ONE! SOMETHING NEW!!! 7 IS NUMBER OF COMPLETION AND 7  7’S IS ABOUT COMPLETE AS COMPLETE CAN BE… THE FEAST OF PENTECOST WAS POINTING TO THE RESURRECTION ALL ALONG!

9)    THE INTERMEDIATE STATE

  1. REVELATION 6:11 – BELIEVERS ‘REST’ FROM THEIR LABORS WHILE THEY AWAIT THE RESURRECTION AND THE VINDICATION ON THE UNBELIEVERS…CF. W/ REV. 14:13 ‘THOSE WHO DIE IN THE LORD REST FROM THEIR LABORS.” 

10)                       THE FINAL STATE OF MANKING AND THE FULFILLMENT OF SABBATH

  1. HEBREWS 4:1-11 ‘REMAINS A REST FOR THE PEOPLE OF GOD’
  2. The picture of the New Heavens and New Earth given in Revelation 21:1-22:5 is that of a new, cosmic Eden.  In this restored world order, there will be “no longer any sea” (21:1).  At first, this may seem difficult to reconcile with Revelation 4:6 which refers to a “sea of glass” before the throne of God.  However, Revelation 21:1 is a contrast with Genesis 1:2, where the Spirit of God was hovering over the chaotic waters.   The chaotic sea was also the place from where Leviathan came, who was a symbol of all that is evil in the world, both for the Psalter (Psalm 74:12-15) and for the prophets (Isaiah 27:1).  The intent, therefore, of saying that there will be no longer any sea is to say that there will no longer be any chaotic sea—there will no longer be any or evil.  The seas will be seas of glass.  Order and rest will be restored to the earth.  All evil will be wiped away because Leviathan (the dragon or the devil) will have been thrown into the lake of fire (20:10).CF ALSO JESUS CALMING THE STORMS!!
  3. The goal of this re-creation, therefore, is Sabbath rest.  This rest is realized in part now, but will only be completely realized in the New Heavens and New Earth. 
  4. Rev. 14:11 – hell is ever devoid of Sabbath/rest
  5. For those who have refuge in Christ or who will seek refuge in Christ: Matthew 11:28 “Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. “Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and YOU WILL FIND REST FOR YOUR SOULS. Mat 11:29  -note next section after this passage is about the SABBATH!!!! MATH. 12:1FF…HOW’S HE ABLE TO OFFER THIS REST? BECAUSE HE IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!  this verse describes a “rest which Christians even now experience in Christ in the midst of a variety of afflictions.” 
  6. Will you seek Sabbath in Him? He is Lord of the Sabbath!

11)  CONCLUSION:

  1. ROMANS 15:30-33 AGAIN PEACE AND REST ARE CONNECTED…THIS TIME IT IS IN ‘COMMUNITY’…SABBATH IS FULFILLED IN THE BODY OF CHRIST, WHY IS IT THAT PEOPLE WON’T COME TO CHURCH WHEN WE MEET? WHERE ARE THEY FINDING ‘BETTER REST’ OR PEACE IN THEIR IDOLS?
  2. LAW SAYS WORK TO GET TO REST, GRACE SAYS FROM REST WE ARE ABLE TO WORK
  3. For unbelievers, in Him we have rest and salvation apart from the works of the Law, not because He abolished the Law, but because He fulfilled it (Matthew 5:17).  The Law was never intended to be a means of salvation, as the Pharisees had taught.  Jesus offers us salvation, and rest from our works on the basis of His work for us on the cross.
  4. Hebrews 4 draws an interesting parallel between God’s rest after His work at creation and Christ’s rest after His work of redemption. This passage calls us to heed the gospel that we might enter God’s rest. It warns us not to miss the rest that God has provided for us Christ, as so many did in the Old Testament because of disobedience and hardness of heart. Verse 10 points us to Christ’s finished work:
  5. For He who has entered His rest has Himself also ceased from His works as God did from His (Hebrews 4:10). This is the rest we need. We cannot rest in the unfinished and unholy works of our hands. We must rest in the finished work of Christ for our salvation. And so in the next verse the writer of Hebrews exhorts us: Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience (Hebrews 4:11).
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